Today, there are more than a number of women around the globe who are suffering from abuse, harassment, and oppression; by their husbands, other men and their own families for either speaking up or fighting against the wrong that has been committed against them. A good number of these women happen to either live in poorer villages, under strict laws in their country; which happens to prevent a women from even having their rights. Then you have those women who have a lack thereof due to the misrepresentation of how women should be betrayed through certain tradition and religions across the entire world.  These same women are mothers, Daughters, Wives, and Sisters who should be valued greatly. While you have some women degrading themselves in an inappropriate manner because the way some society encourages these kinds of behaviors. Others are fighting to be acknowledged and respected for their rights. So we took it upon ourselves to share with you all some scriptures on the rights of women according to the Qur’an. Our basis and sources is the Qur’an (the word of God) and some from bible.

 

 woman is valued first as a mother

And when labor pains drove her to the trunk of a palm-tree, she exclaimed, ‘Ah, I wish I had died before this, and had become a thing forgotten, utterly forgotten!’ [Mary appears to be talking to herself]

[Qur’an 19:23]

‘(And O My dear son! God says): We have enjoined on the human to be good to his parents. His mother bore him by bearing strain upon strain, and his utter dependence on her lasted two years. So, be grateful to Me and to your parents, and remember that your ultimate destination is with Me.’ [2:233, 46:15]

[Qur’an 31:14]

Proverbs 1:8 My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother.

 (A benevolent society begins at home.) Your Lord has decreed that you serve none but Him, and always be kind to your parents. If one of them or both attain old age, do not utter the slightest harsh word to them. Never repel them and always address them respectfully. [2:233, 7:189, 17:23-24, 31:13-15, 36:68, 46:15] Lower for them the wing of kindness and humility and say, ‘My Lord! Bestow upon them Your grace as they raised me in kindness since I was little.’

[Qur’an 17:23-24]

Exodus 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

 

 A Women Is valued As A Wife

Upon marriage, give women their marital gifts, a generous portion of your property, unless they forgo it voluntarily. In that case you are welcome to accept it as rightfully yours

(Qur’an 4:4)

Ephesians 5:33 However, each one of you also must love his wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband.

 If you fear that you (the society) will not be able to do justice with the orphans, (as may happen in times of war and political turbulence, the government shall announce a state of Emergency), then, in order to accommodate widows and orphans, men of sound finances and character shall be encouraged to marry among these widows with mutual choice; two, three, and four. But, if you fear that you will not be able to deal justly, then, you must not take additional wives, and may continue with what you already have. This will be more suitable to prevent you from doing injustice and face financial hardship. [Second marriage during peace time is a frank violation of the Qur’an – note ‘If you fear’ in the beginning. 4:127-129]

[Qur’an 4:3]

Deuteronomy 24:17) “You shall not pervert the justice due to the sojourner or to the fatherless, or take a widow’s garment in pledge,

 Exodus 22:22 You shall not mistreat any widow or fatherless child.

You will never be able to do justice between women (your wives) however much you wish. But do not turn altogether away from one, leaving her as if in suspense between having and not having a husband. Fulfill the rights of each one of them and be mindful of God. Surely, God is ever Forgiving, Merciful. [4:3]

[Qur’an 4:129]

Proverbs 31:16 She considers a field and buys it; with the fruit of her hands she plants a vineyard.

Do not covet the bounties (and qualities) that God has bestowed more abundantly on some of you than on others. Men shall have a portion from what they earn, and women shall have a portion from what they earn. Therefore, seek out of God’s bounty (to the best of your abilities). God is Witness to everything. [4:34, 28:77]

[Qur’an 4:32]

 

A Women Is Valued As a Daughter

To God belongs the Dominion of the heavens and the earth. He creates and designs all things according to His Laws. He bestows the gift of daughters according to His Laws and the gift of sons according to His Laws. Or He bestows both males and females, and He leaves infertile some according to His Laws. He is Knower, Omnipotent.

[Qur’an 42:49-50]

The Rights to Education

(Train and educate the orphans well) and then test them. When they reach the age of marriage, and you observe in them sound judgment, release their property to them. Do not consume their property, nor hastily spend it fearing that they will come of age. If the guardian is well off, let him claim no compensation for the management of the property. But, if he is poor he may have a just and reasonable compensation. When you are releasing the property to the orphans be sure to take witnesses. Remember that God is Competent in taking account. [The age of marriage shall mean attainment of physical and mental maturity when one can express free consent and make a solemn, legal contract. 4:21]

[Qur’an 4:6]

Do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them as well as for you. Surely, killing them is a great blunder. [Killing children = Slaying them = Depriving them of proper education and training = Rearing children callously. The Divine System will take responsibility of all human needs. 6:151, 9:111, 20:118]

[Qur’an 17:31]

 

A mate is a companion, a friend, a colleague; not a slave or an inferior person

 And among His signs is this: He created for you mates from yourselves so that you may find comfort in them. And He ordained between you love and kindness. In that are signs for those who reflect. [Azwaaj = Husband + Wife, that are mates and complement each other’s personality]

    [Qur’an 30:21]

Originator of the heavens and the earth! He has made for you mates from among yourselves, and mates among the cattle. By this means He multiplies you. However, there is nothing whatsoever like Him, not even a similitude that would come close. And He is the Hearer, the Seer.

[Qur’an 42:11]

Believing men and believing women are colleagues of one another. They enjoin virtue and forbid vice. Together, they help establish the Divinely prescribed Way of Life, and set up the Economic Order of Zakaat. This is how they obey God and His Messenger. These are the ones on whom God showers His grace of success. Certainly, God is Exalted in Power, Wise. [The believing men and women, working together, do not deliver empty lectures. They enjoin virtue and forbid vice by personal example, knowing that the Qur’an is the Eternal Criterion of right and wrong. 2:185. ‘Good’ 9:71 and ‘Evil’, ‘Right’ and ‘Wrong’ are not vague entities. The Qur’an clearly defines them in 2:177 and many other verses. In short, good is all that helps people and evil is all that hurts them]

[Quran 9:71]

O Mankind! We have created you male and female, and have made you nations and tribes that you may recognize one another. Certainly, the most honored among you in the Sight of God is the one who is best in conduct. God is Knower, Aware. [Unfortunately even today, national or tribal origins, wealth, professions etc remain an important part of a person’s status instead of character. Recognition becomes especially important in a strange environment, matrimonial and travel etc. In the ancient times, the tribe one belonged to was the only means of identification. ‘Min zakarinwwa untha’ = Of a kind that is male, and of a kind that is female = Male and female = Some of you are men and some of you are women. On this note I find myself in agreement

[Qur’an 49:13]

 

The husband is responsible for the maintenance, protection, and overall headship of the family within the framework of consultation and kindness. This however does not make him superior or more human than the wife. It emphasizes to him the importance of a wife and his responsibility of loving and caring for her.

Men are the protectors and supporters of women. They shall take full care of women with what they spend of their wealth. God has made men to excel in some areas and women to excel in some areas. Men should ensure that women are able to stand at their feet in the society. So, righteous women are obedient to God’s ordinances and guard the moral values even in privacy, the values that God has commanded to be guarded. If you experience ill-treatment from them, apprise them of possible consequences. Next, leave them in their resting places, and refer them for arbitration. If they pay heed to you, do not seek a way against them. God is Most High, Most Great. [Qawwam = Protector = Maintainer = One who helps others to stand at their feet. Nushooz = Ill-treatment = Rebellion = To stand up against = To stand up against virtue = Mental abuse = Domestic violence = To rebel against the permanent moral values (2:259, 58:11). Nushooz by men (4:128). Wa’az = Admonishment = To apprise of consequences (2:231, 3:66). ‘Dharb’ = Example (13:17, 16:74, 36:13) = To stop or prevent (8:11, 43:5) = Travel = Referring to arbiters = To give examples (13:17, 16:74, 36:13, 43:58) = To withdraw (43:5)

[Qur’an 4:34]

 Ephesians 5:26: to make her holy, cleansing[a] her by the washing with water through the word. 

Do not covet the bounties (and qualities) that God has bestowed more abundantly on some of you than on others. Men shall have a portion from what they earn, and women shall have a portion from what they earn. Therefore, seek out of God’s bounty (to the best of your abilities). God is Witness to everything. [4:34, 28:77]

                                                                                                                                                                [Qur’an 4:32]

1 Peter 3:7  Likewise, husbands, live with your wives in an understanding way, showing honor to the woman as the weaker vessel, since they are heirs with you of the grace of life, so that your prayers may not be hindered.

 

Women are very important in the process of recreation. It takes a male and female gene to make a baby, and all men and women come from this process.

 O Mankind! If you are in doubt that one day you will be resurrected back to life, (consider the process of your own evolution.) We have created you in stages: From inorganic matter, then from male and female gametes, then from a zygote, then from an embryo, shapely and first shapeless. We thus clearly explain things for you. The embryo and then the fetus stay in the womb until an appointed term according to Our Laws. Then We bring you forth as infants and carry you to maturity. While some of you die young, others live to the feeblest old age so that they know nothing after knowing much. You see a dry barren land, but when We send down water on it, it vibrates with life and grows all kinds of beautiful plants. [Recapturing the earlier stages of evolution, God initiated life from inorganic matter, the clay, and hydrated clay. Through it He brought forth the single life cell that divided into the male and the female cells. Thus procreation came into play. Further on the road to evolution – male and female gametes join, a clot, a little lump of flesh, turning into the embryo that ‘hangs’ in the womb. The embryo is partly formed and partly unformed, until it becomes the fetus and then assumes the final evident proportions. For the origin of life on the planet and creation of the human being, herein are some important references on Evolution for the research-minded reader: 4:1, 6:2, 6:38, 6:98-99, 7:11, 7:189, 11:6, 15:26- 27, 21:30, 22:5, 23:12-14, 24:45, 25:54, 30:20, 31:28, 32:7-9, 35:11, 36:77, 37:11, 39:6, 40:64-67, 51:49, 53:45, 55:14, 76:2-3, 86:5-7, 96:1-2]

        [Qur’an 22:5]

(It is imperative to realize that women are no less a part of the society. Moreover, they are the custodians of the future generations like a garden that bears flowery plants 2:223.) They ask you to enlighten them further about the Laws concerning women. Say, ‘God Himself enlightens you concerning them, and the Book which has been recited to you conveys the decree. You shall restore the rights of the orphaned women to whom you do not give what is ordained (as their due marital gifts) when you wish to marry them. And God decrees about helpless children, and your duty to treat orphans in a most kind manner. And whatever good you may do, God is ever Aware.’ [Be especially 115 kind to women who are widowed, orphaned, or left helpless for any reason. 2:83, 2:215, 2:240, 4:3, 8:41]     

(Qur:an 4:127]

 

The Qur’an effectively ended the cruel pre Islamic practice of female infanticide (killing and burying of baby girls);

When the little girl that was buried alive is made to ask, For what crime she was slain. [Women’s rights will be restored]

[Qur’an 81:8-9]

Lost are those who kill their children in foolish ignorance, and declare ‘Haraam’ (forbidden) what God has provided them as sustenance. And they attribute their false innovations to God! They have gone far astray and, certainly, they are not rightly guided. [They deprive their children to the point of starvation and death in the name of religious service, when under the instructions of the priesthood they abandon their families]

[Qur’an 6:140]

 

The Qur’an went further to rebuke the unwelcoming attitudes among some parents upon hearing the news of the birth of a baby girl, instead of a baby boy:

So, whenever any of them is given the glad tiding of the birth of a daughter, his face darkens with sadness and anger. Ashamed, he hides himself from people, because of the news given to him. He even asks himself, ‘Shall I keep the baby grudgingly, or bury her deep in dust?’ Oh, evil is what they decide!

[Qur’an 16:58-59]

 

Woman are entitled to constant love, care and protection; by their parents when they are at their parental home, by their husbands when they get married and by their children when they grow old or divorce.

If a woman fears ill-treatment or desertion from her husband, the couple should take corrective action and resolve the matter between them amicably. Conciliation is best. Selfishness is ever present in human psyche. If you do good to each other and be mindful of God, certainly God is ever Aware of all you do. [2:228-234, 4:3, 4:19, 4:34-35, 33:49, 58:1, 65:1-4]                      

                                                          [        Qur’an 4:128]

Do not let the immature manage their property that God has entrusted with you as guardians, until they are able to make sound financial decisions. Feed and clothe them decently, take care of all their needs, interact with them kindly and speak to them in a decent, recognized manner.

[Qur’an 4:5]

Obey God and associate no partner with Him. Treat kindly your parents, relatives, the orphans and those who have been left alone in the society. Take care of the needy, the disabled, those whose hard earned income is insufficient to meet their needs, those whose businesses have stalled, and those who have lost their jobs. You shall treat kindly your related neighbors, and unrelated neighbors, companions by your side in public gatherings, or public transportation. Be generous to the needy wayfarer, the homeless son of the street, and the one who reaches you in a destitute condition. Be nice to people who work under your supervision. God does not love those who are boastfully proud.

[Qur’an 4:36]

 

On the basic social and religious responsibilities, the Qur’an establishes equality

Thus their Lord accepts and answers their prayer, ‘Indeed, I never let the work of any worker, male or female, go to waste. You are members of one another. So, those who emigrate, and are driven from their homelands, and suffer harm in My cause, and fight, and are slain, I shall certainly blot out their faults, erasing the imprints of their misdeeds on their ‘self’. I will admit them into Gardens with streams flowing beneath – a handsome return from God’s Presence. For, with God is the fairest return of actions. [2:186]

[Quran 3:195]

Whoever – male or female – does works that help others and is a believer, We shall certainly cause them to live a good life, and We shall grant them the rewards considering the best of their actions.

[Quran 16:97]

Husbands must be kind and considerate to their wives even if they dislike them.

You will never be able to do justice between women (your wives) however much you wish. But do not turn altogether away from one, leaving her as if in suspense between having and not having a husband. Fulfill the rights of each one of them and be mindful of God. Surely, God is ever Forgiving, Merciful. [4:3]

 [Qur’an 4:129]  

Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed be anyone who perverts the justice due to the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

If a woman fears ill-treatment or desertion from her husband, the couple should take corrective action and resolve the matter between them amicably. Conciliation is best. Selfishness is ever present in human psyche. If you do good to each other and be mindful of God, certainly God is ever Aware of all you do. [2:228-234, 4:3, 4:19, 4:34-35, 33:49, 58:1, 65:1-4]                       (Qur’an 4:128]

Colossians 3:19 Husbands, love your wives, and do not be harsh with them.

 

If Marital problems are to arise and divorce is to accrue between the man and the women. There is to be equal rights during marital problems and divorce:

(Families and communities must adopt a proactive approach regarding a husband and a wife in discord.) If you fear a breach between the two of them (husband and wife), appoint two arbiters, one from his family and one from her family. If they decide to reconcile, God will help them get together. Surely, God is Knower, Aware. [2:228-234, 4:3, 4:19, 4:35, 4:128, 33:49, 58:1 65:1-4]

[Qur’an 4:35]

O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! It is not lawful for you to force women into marrying or holding on to them in marriage against their will. Pressuring women to remain in wedlock by threatening to take away the marital gift is forbidden. A wife could forfeit the right to the marital gift only if she has indulged in clear lewdness. You shall treat your wives nicely. Even if you dislike them, it may happen that God has placed much good in what you have failed to realize.

      [Qur’an 4:19]

O Prophet! When you men intend to divorce women, make sure that the waiting period is observed. Keep precise account of this interim. Be mindful of God, your Lord. Never expel them from THEIR homes, nor shall they themselves leave their homes unless they commit open immorality. These are, then, the limits imposed by God. And whoever crosses God’s limits, hurts one’s own ‘self’. You do not know that God may bring about thereafter a new situation (reconciliation). [Note that homes belong to women. The waiting period before a divorced woman or a widow can remarry, has been explained. (65:4, 2:228, 2:234). There is no waiting period for women with whom husbands have had no intimate relations. 33:49]

[Qur’an 65:1]

And so when they have reached their waiting term, either retain them in kindness or part with them in kindness. And let there be two just persons among you to witness, and establish the evidence straight for God. This exhortation is for him who believes in God and the Last Day. Whoever remains conscious of God, He will open a way out for him from difficult situations. [‘Makhraj’ = A way out from difficult situations]

[Qur’an 65:2]

And those of your women who no longer expect menstruation or do not habitually menstruate, to resolve your doubts, their waiting period is ordained to be three months. For those who are pregnant, the waiting period ends when they deliver their burden. Anyone who remains conscious of Divine Laws, He will make his matters easy for him. [Note the word Hamlahunna = Their burden = What they carry, – instead of ‘their baby or child’. So, the term includes abortion, conditions such as moles, and all kinds of abnormal pregnancies and outcomes]

[Qur’an 65:4]

Let them (the divorced women) live where you live with the same standard of living that you have, and according to your best means. Harass them not to make life difficult for them. And if they are pregnant, spend on them freely until they deliver their burden. Then, if they nurse your baby, give them their due recompense. And frequently consult together amicably. And if both of you find it difficult, let another woman suckle the baby on his behalf. [The husband will pay for the services of a foster mother]

[Qur’an 65: 6]